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By James Stewart May 4, 2015
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Pythagoras taught the belief that numbers were a guide to the interpretation of the universe. Mathematics could explain everything, including music.
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There is a long history of connection between the world of music and the world of mathematics.

A squared plus B squared equals C squared; that is of course the Pythagorean theorem from basic geometry, named for the Greek philosopher and religious teacher from 5th century BCE, Pythagoras. Pythagoras taught the belief that numbers were a guide to the interpretation of the universe. Mathematics could explain everything, including music.

Legend states that one day Pythagoras was walking past a smithy’s workshop, listening to the sound of the blacksmith’s hammers on the anvil. He turned his attention to the percussive sound that was produced and noted that some strikes sounded much higher than others. He was certain that there was a mathematical explanation for the different pitches he was hearing. So he entered the smithy’s shop and observed that they were using different sized hammers. Some of the hammers were large and others smaller, but they were ratios of each other: one being twice the size of another one, one being two-thirds the size of the last. Pythagoras declared these relationships as absolute intervals of music.

Regarding the results of HPT treatments of spores suspended in IPB, a more apparent tendency could be observed. At every applied process temperature (80 °C, 90 °C, 100 °C), spore count reduction could be enhanced by increasing the pressure level stepwise from 300 MPa, to 450 MPa and, finally, to 600 MPa. Thermal treatments at ambient pressure generally resulted in an improved spore inactivation with a gradual increase in temperature. At 80 and 90 °C, pressures < 600 MPa were not sufficient to reduce the initial spore count by more than 3.1-log cycles after a maximum holding time of 300 s. Furthermore, thermal treatments at 0.1 MPa and pressurization at 300 MPa resulted in similar spore count reduction (max. 1.6 log units) after 300 s holding time with just marginal benefits of applying pressure. The conventional thermal treatment at 90 °C for 10 min just slightly increased spore count reduction to 1.7 ± 0.2-log cylces (not depicted in Fig 3 ) compared to 300 s holding time and resulted in a D 90°C -value of 20.8 min (calculated at isothermal holding time). On the other hand, the final inactivation level was more than doubled by the addition of pressures ≥ 450 MPa compared to thermal treatments at ambient pressure. At 100 °C, the previous described order of inactivation did not fully apply to thermal and HPT treatments. A thermal treatment at ambient pressure was more effective (4.7 log units) than HPT treatments at 300 MPa (2.3 log units) or 450 MPa (4.3 log units). However, the most effective inactivation in IPB was achieved by applying 600 MPa in combination with 100 °C. This treatment resulted in a final log reduction of 6.4 log units, with spore counts falling below the detection limit at the same time.

By comparing the HPT inactivation in both matrices, no definite food matrix-dependent protective effect could be observed for spores suspended in steamed sole in general. Spores tended to be less resistant when pressurized in steamed sole, i.e., embedment in this matrix resulted in predominantly lower or at least similar final spore count reduction. The only exception from this general trend was observed at 600 MPa and 100 °C, where the highest total spore inactivation was achieved in IPB. For process temperatures up to 90 °C, the addition of defined pressure levels clearly accelerated spore inactivation in both matrices. In IPB, pressures ≥ 450 MPa the final inactivation result was at least 2.2-fold higher compared with thermal treatments at ambient pressure. Such a synergistic effect of pressure and temperature was also observed in steamed sole, resulting in at least 5.5-fold higher spore count reduction. Regarding the inactivation effect of the pressure ramp (1 s of pressure holding time), a more pronounced and pressure-dependent impact was observed in IPB, almost reaching a 3-log cycle reduction at 600 MPa and 90 and 100 °C (Tables 3 and 4 ). Subsequent spore count reduction in IPB during isobaric/isothermal holding times resulted in much flatter curve progressions. Consequently, obtained pressure holding times to achieve a 6-log reduction were generally higher in IPB except for the already mentioned combination of 100 °C and 600 MPa. Based on the calculated model parameters, a desired 6-log reduction within 10 min could be reached in steamed sole at 90 °C with 300 or 450 MPa or at 100 °C in combination with 300 MPa ( Table 3 ).

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SkyTrak Launch Monitor ist ein komplettes Trainings-, Spiel- und Unterhaltungssystem, konzipiert für Golfer zuhause oder auf der Range. SkyTrak liefert Höchstleistung durch einen revolutionären Durchbruch in der Technologie der Launch Monitore, die professionelle Genauigkeit und Zuverlässigkeit in der Erfassung von Ballflugdaten ermöglicht, aber zu einem von Privatpersonen leistbaren Preis.,Kostengünstig: Zuhause üben mit der Gewissheit, dass Sie die dieselbe Genauigkeit und Leistung wie von einem High-End Gerät bekommen, aber zu einem Bruchteil der Kosten,Unterhaltend und kurzweilig: Mit SkyTrak hat man Spaß am Training mit den Spielen und Wettbewerben, die spezielle Fähigkeiten aufbauen. Spielen Sie gegen Ihre Freunde, und werden Sie dabei besser,Transportabel: SkyTrak geht mit Ihnen! Ob zu Hause oder auf der Range, verbinden Sie einfach Ihr iPad mit SkyTraks eingebautem Wi-Fi.,Genauigkeit: SkyTrak benutzt Hochgeschwindigkeits-Fotographie um die Bewegung des Golfballes zu messen und liefert genaue Daten von Ballgeschwindigkeit, Steigungswinkel, Richtung und Spin. SkyTrak Photometrischer Launch Monitor Selbstnivellierend durch Accelerometer Keine Kalibrierung notwendig Abmessungen: 14,6 x 17,1 x 6,4 cm (LxHxB) Gewicht: 0,8 kg Genauigkeit der Meßdaten Ball Geschwindigkeit: 0-320 kmh +/- 1,6 kmh Steigungswinkel: 0-55° +/- 1° Back Spin: 0-12,000 U/min +/- 250 U/min Side Spin: 0-4,000 U/min +/- 250 U/min Azimuth: 0-20° +/- 2° Lieferumfang SkyTrak Einheit SkyTrak Basis App USB Ladekabel Strom/Batterie Eingebaute wiederaufladbare Lithium-Ionen Batterie Bis zu 5 Stunden ununterbrochene Nutzung Mikro USB Ladekabel inkludiert Wireless Verbindung Verbindet sich direkt mit iPad Wi-Fi (dabei kein Internet-Zugang) Verbindung mit Tablets/PCs mittels Router/Heimnetzwerk (Internet Zugang)

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Schutz,SkyTrak,Launchmonitor Der Schutzkäfig schützt den SykTrak bestmöglich gegen Beschädigungen. Das graue Vollmetall-Gehäuse ist äusserst stabil und durch die drei justierbaren Füsschen auch auf der Range einsetzbar. Das integrierte Wasserwagen Auge erleichert die korrekte Einstellung. Gewicht ohne SkyTrak 1700g

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Standalone device(no phone app needed),Instant feedback via LCD display,Measures: Carry Distance, Swing Speed, Ball Speed and Smash Factor,3 Modes: Practice, Target, Random,Available in Black or White The Swing Caddie SC100 Launch Monitor is a Standalone device(no phone app needed) that will offer Instant feedback via LCD display of your golf stroke. It will measures the Carry Distance, Swing Speed, Ball Speed and Smash Factor and return these results on the display. Has 3 Modes: Practice, Target, Random and statistics for each club used. Will display shot count and time display. Comes with remote control for ease of use and a pouch for safe storage of the unit.

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